Institutions of higher education are continually engaging in human subject research at the faculty and student level. It is extremely important that all research involving human subjects is in compliance with the United States (U.S.) Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Research Subjects. If faculty and students are not following the guidelines for the ethical conduct of human subject research, their institution will be at risk of losing any federal funding acquired through these studies and risk the possibility of having all research shut down. The lack of faculty knowledge in the area of human subjects research protections has been considered noncompliance for human subjects research. The purpose of this study was to determine if a significant relationship existed between the areas of faculty research experience in higher education and knowledge of the Total Governing Principles of human subjects research protections U.S. Codes and Regulations. The study sought to find if faculty’s experience in research could predict their knowledge of human subjects research protections. In order to test each hypothesis, two statistical tests were conducted. A Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) was utilized for the first set of hypotheses and a One-Way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) as well as a One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), were used for the second set. Findings indicated that only one variable showed statistical significance of faculty knowledge of human subjects research protections. All other variables showed no statistical significance between the amount of faculty research experience in higher education and their knowledge of the U.S. Codes and Regulations for human subjects research protections. Recommendations are provided for future discussion of the importance of mandatory training of faculty in human subjects research protections in all institutions of higher education.
October 17th, 2016
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